FINAL EXAM - Cumulative
Please note that this is a study guide based on course lectures, readings, and films from throughout the semester. Just because a topic is listed under a chapter does not mean that it will only be found in that chapter. Certain topics are discussed only throughout the book and some were discussed only during lecture. Obviously, many were discussed in both places. I have simply tried to organize material important to understanding sociology according to the chapters as a guide for you. Likewise, I do not guarantee that this is all you need to know for the test. Being amply prepared is up to you! Good luck!
Chapter 1 – Perspective, Theory, and Method
-Know the 3 main paradigms discussed in class & the differences between each.
-Know the difference between correlation & cause.
-Know John Turner’s 2X2 chart on Types of Knowledge.
-Identify research methodologies used in sociology.
-Importance of objectivity and science vs. ideology.
-Politicized science (Crichton article)
Chapter 2 - Culture
-Society vs. culture (def’s).
-Systems of Culture.
-Know core American Values.
-Understand what Lenski’s sociocultural evolution says about how societies
develop. (hint: think technology)
-Know the different types of societies and the characteristics of each.
Chapter 3 - Socialization
-Personality development in terms of nurture vs. nature (review Anna & Genie).
-Know the elements of theory for each researcher of socialization (Freud and
-Know the basic laws of socialization.
Chapter 4 – Social Interaction
-Know what each of the following are: status, role, ascribed status, achieved status, role conflict, and role strain.
-Know what is meant by the social construction of reality.
-Garfinkel and Ethnomethodology.
-Goffman and Dramaturgical Analysis.
Chapter 5 – Groups and Organizations
-Understand embeddedness of social structures.
-Primary group characteristics vs. those of secondary groups (chart in class)
-Reference groups and how we use them.
-Weber’s Ideal Bureaucracy and its characteristics.
Chapter 8 – Social Stratification
-Caste systems vs. class systems vs. slavery systems; Ex’s of nations & why
-Stratification theories: Davis-Moore, Marx, and Weber
-Social mobility trends in the U.S.
-Income vs. Wealth trends in the U.S.
-Relative poverty in the U.S. (especially Fig 8.7 in the handout)
Chapter 10 – Gender Stratification
-Understand the roots of gender (cultural vs. biological).
-Effects of media (refer to movies in class) on the process of teaching people gender roles.
-Be familiar enough with “Can Men Mother?” article to be able to comment on whether or not nurturing is solely a biological
female characteristic. Also, be able
to discuss at least 3 specific data examples that Risman reports as support for her findings.
Chapter 11 – Race and Ethnicity
-Race vs. ethnicity and the roots of both (biological vs. cultural).
-Prejudice vs. discrimination.
-Types of discrimination (informal, institutionalized, & de facto). Ex’s of each.
-Robert Merton’s categories of discrimination (class notes)
-Be able to discuss “Invisible Man” reading in relationship to race and
-Know what the different patterns of interaction between minorities and the majority are within the U.S. (pluralism, assimilation, segregation, and genocide).
-Know what each of the following theories says about prejudice:
-Be able to discuss how white privilege is depicted in “The Invisible Man” reading
Chapter 13 – Family
-Function of family from structural –functional and social conflict paradigms.
-Elements of family (Marriage, descent, residence rules and patterns of authority)
-U.S. patterns in each of the above elements
-U.S. family forms in terms of race/ethnicity
-Romantic love/arranged marriages (eastern ideal vs. western ideal)
-Know generally what the Dunedin, NFVS, and National Youth Survey found about spousal abuse.
-In light of the above studies, be able to offer up reasons as to why women’s shelters are so prominent in the U.S., but we see very little in the way of help for male victims.
-Child abuse – women vs. men as perp’s
-Explanations for the existence of family violence.
-Divorce rate in the U.S. vs. other industrialized nations
-How divorce stats are calculated
-Long term trends of kinship over each societal type (graph in class)
-Growth of two-parent, single mother, and single father families since 1960.
My suggestion would be to know exactly what was being demonstrated with each clip shown in class. Please note that we watched many clips over the semester. Included films for the final are as follows:
Lost in Translation
Foreign rap clips
Stale Roles, Tight Buns
Killing Us Softly 3
The Godfather: Part II (we talked about this clip, but did not watch it)
Zambian Boys Choir
Race: The Art of an Illusion
PBS Race site www. pbs.org/race/
What is Race
Tale of Two Families
The Downward Spiral