THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES IN PSYCHOLOGY

The following is a summary of some of the beliefs of the three major theoretical perspectives in psychology.  These three perspectives include the behaviorist, psychoanalytic, and humanistic perspectives.  This overview should help you understand the key differences between these theoretical views which psychologists have used to interpret behavior for over a hundred years.

 

THE BEHAVIORIST PERSPECTIVE

Basic Behaviorist Principles:

Give me a dozen healthy infants, well formed, and my own specified world to bring them up in and I'll guarantee to take any one of them at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select -- doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant-chief, and yes, even beggar man and thief, regardless of his talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities, vocations, and the race of his 

Motivational Theory:

View on Control of Human Behavior:

View of Human Nature:

Significant Names:

                    *Ivan Pavlov
                    *B.F. Skinner
                    *John B. Watson
                    

 

THE PSYCHOANALYTIC PERSPECTIVE

Basic Psychoanalytic Principles:

Motivational Theory:

View on Control of Human Behavior:

View of Human Nature:

Significant Name: Neo-Freudians:

* Sigmund Freud

* Carl Jung
* Alfred Adler
* Erik Erikson

THE HUMANISTIC PERSPECTIVE

Basic Humanistic Principles:

Motivational Theory:

View on Control of Human Behavior:

View of Human Nature:

Important Names:  

* Abraham Maslow 
* Carl Rogers 
* Viktor Frankl